‘Our surrogacy agency and our fertility clinic would only work with gestational carriers which is a separate egg donor and a separate gestational carrier so you have an agreement with both and both of them disavow their parental rights so it’s just cleaner legally.’ (Genetic father)
Although legislation differs across states, medical practitioners and agencies typically recommend gestational surrogacy as this arrangement gives intending fathers certainty over legal parentage ( American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 2012 ). Some argue that there is a greater risk that surrogates who are genetically related to the child will change their minds about delivering the baby to the intending parents, although there is no empirical evidence to support this view ( Imrie and Jadva, 2014 ).
Same-sex couples will usually work with a fertility clinic to get either egg or sperm donors (if one partner isn’t the donor), and the gestational surrogacy process can cost upwards of $130,000, Dr. Shapiro says.
Although fees and expenses vary depending on factors such as if you use a donor or go through a private agency, using a surrogate is an extremely expensive process The intended parents will be responsible for financially compensating the surrogate and covering any legal fees, travel expenses, screenings, psychological evaluations, medical expenses, maternity clothes, and any other baby-related costs that might arise.
Gestational surrogacy, on the other hand, is when the eggs and sperm come from the intended parents to create an embryo through IVF, which is then placed in the uterus of the gestational carrier.
In gestational surrogacy, the intended parents may be the genetic parents of the baby, or an egg donor or sperm donor may be used in combination with one of the intended parent’s gametes Another possibility is an egg donor and sperm donor will be chosen by the intended parents, or embryo donation may be used.